This is the Ozone Hole Watch web site, where you can
check on the latest status of the ozone layer over the South Pole.
Satellite instruments monitor the ozone layer, and we use their data to
create the images that depict the amount of ozone.
(Latin for breeze) was launched July 15, 2004. The design life is five years
with an operational goal of six years. Aura flies in formation about 15 minutes
behind Aqua. Aura is part of the Earth Observing System (EOS), a program
dedicated to monitoring the complex interactions that affect the globe using
NASA satellites and data systems.
Ozone Resource page
Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS), at Columbia
University in New York City, is a division
of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center
Earth Sciences Directorate and a unit of the Columbia
University Earth Institute. Research at GISS emphasizes a broad study of
global climate change.
Center for Ozone Data & Information (CODI) Web Site at the Goddard Space
Flight Center's Earth Sciences Atmospheric Composition Data & information
Services Center (ACDISC). The purpose of this on-line information center is to
enhance the support services we provide to our ozone research community. We've
provided a number of resources here to help you in your research.
Jonathan Shanklin British Antarctic Survey- This
page points to the latest information on BAS ozone measurements and information
about Antarctic weather.
Canadian ozone research had its start in the 1930s with studies on the
temperature structure of the stratosphere. In 1957, ARQX began taking daily
ground-based measurements at two stations, to examine the thickness of the ozone
layer. At that time Dobson instruments were being used. Currently ARQX operates
a network of 12 sites measuring total column ozone. In the 1980s, ARQX developed
the Automated Brewer Ozone Spectrophotometer (collectively referred to as the
“Brewer”) and installed it in the ground-based monitoring network. The
Brewer is now operated in over 40 countries.
http://ozone.unep.org/new_site/en/index.phpOzone Secretariat - reports, publications, and press releases of the Secretariat
for the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol, as well as a wealth of
other ozone related material.
The UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch assists
developing countries and countries with economies in transition (CEITs) to
enable them to achieve and sustain compliance with the Montreal Protocol. With
our programme's assistance, countries are able to make informed decisions about
alternative technologies and ozone-friendly policies. http://www.unep.org/ozonaction
stratospheric ozone service
MACC stratospheric ozone service consists of two main parts:
- The quasi-operational stream includes
vertically resolved gridded fields and total ozone columns from
analyses by the 4D-Var models IFS-MACC, BASCOE, and SACADA, as well as
total ozone columns from the Kalman-filter model TM3DAM. The
quasi-operational stream additionally provides L2 O3 data from OMI,
SCIAMACHY, and GOME-2, in continuation of the PROMOTE service.
- The historic data records comprise both
total ozone columns from long-term reanalyses starting in 1978 based
on multiple instruments via the TM3DAM approach and 3D gridded fields
and total ozone columns from the three above-mentioned 4D-Var models.
- Monitoring Atmospheric Composition and Climate - is the project that is
establishing the core global and regional atmospheric environmental services
delivered as a component of Europe's GMES
initiative. It is funded under the Seventh
Framework Programme of the European Union and began on 1 June 2009. MACC is
undertaken by a consortium
drawn largely from the partners in the earlier GEMS
and PROMOTE projects, whose core
systems and service lines provided the starting point for MACC.
Ozone Fighters- Ozone Fighters are students at St. James school in Madison Wisconson. The Ozone Fighters came with the idea of a website to inform kids around the world and in our community about Ozone Depletion and how it can effect us. It all started with a competition that the class had entered. With that, the group learned many things. They scheduled interviews at the UW of Madison for their competition. The Ozone Fighters thought, "Hey, we are leaning so much about this, why not share it with the world?" And that's how we came up with the idea to create this website. We created this website to share the beauty of the Earth and that we need to do our part to keep it beautiful.
Primary focus of WDC-RSAT is to offer scientists and the general public
free and simplified access (in the sense of a “one-stop shop”) to a
continuously growing collection of atmosphere-related satellite-based data
sets and services. These data holdings are available on-line and range
from raw data collected by remote sensors to higher level data and
WDC-RSAT is supporting the
development of user oriented value added products. The current WDC-RSAT
data holding contains data and information on trace gases, aerosols,
clouds, land and sea surface parameters, and solar radiation. This is
achieved either by giving access to data stored at the data center or by
acting as a portal that contains links to other data providers.
Since 2003 the Applied Remote
Sensing Cluster (German Remote Sensing Data Center, DFD, and Remote
Sensing Technology Institute, IMF) of the German Aerospace Center (DLR)
hosts and operates the World Data Center for Remote Sensing of the
Atmosphere (WDC-RSAT) under the nongovernmental auspices of the
International Council for Science (ICSU).
As part of the ICSU-WDC family, WDC-RSAT is by definition integrated and
linked to other WDCs worldwide. In addition, the World Data Centre for
Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere is the most recent data center in the WMO-WDC
family; in cooperation with the World Meteorological Organization (WMO),
WDC-RSAT is currently being implemented as part of the WMO-GAW Strategic
Plan 2008-2015 especially in the context of IGACO within the WMO program
Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW). This center would concern itself with
linking different GAW-relevant data sets both with each other and with
models. In this context WDC-RSAT will also handle non-satellite based data
which are relevant within the context of validation. Strategies and
techniques to properly validate data sets, including for example data
assimilation methods, are developed and tested. Aspects of the
atmosphere’s variability at different temporal and spatial scales are
NOAA uses satellite, airborne and ground-based systems to continuously monitor
stratospheric ozone as well as the chemical compounds and atmospheric conditions
that affect its concentration. NOAA's Earth System Research Laboratory -
Chemical Sciences Division (formerly the Aeronomy Laboratory), Earth System
Research Laboratory - Global Monitoring Division, Climate Prediction Center and
the National Climatic Data Center are actively involved in monitoring and
research, which enhances the scientific understanding of ozone and the processes
affecting its concentration in the stratosphere. This site provides information
on these NOAA organizations, links to current and historical stratospheric ozone
and climate data as well as information on the science of ozone. A list of NOAA
representatives, recent ozone-related press releases and frequently asked
questions are also provided via the pulldown menu above.
The Secretariat of the World
Meteorological Organization issues bulletins containing information on the state
of the ozone layer in the Antarctic at roughly two week intervals from August to
November. The bulletins are based on data provided by WMO Members which operate
ozone monitoring stations in the southern hemisphere and satellites to observe
The Science of Ozone Depletion-Within
this area you'll find information about the science of ozone depletion,
information about the regulatory approach to protecting the ozone layer, and
information on alternatives to ozone-depleting substances, as well as
information on a number of other topics
At this website we provide the results and ongoing
data studies for the study of ozone and other gases, aerosols, radiances, and
ultraviolet radiation, and what has been learned about atmospheric pollution and
air quality from the international science missions making these measurements.
The mission of the NOAA
Aeronomy Laboratory is: to discover and understand the chemical, dynamical and
radiative processes that are important in the Earth's atmosphere, to improve
NOAA's capability to predict its behavior.
Dr. Shindell's research
is concerned with global climate change, climate variability, and Atmospheric
Chemistry. He uses mathematical models of the atmosphere and oceans which
run on supercomputers to investigate chemical changes such as the depletion of
the ozone layer, climate changes such as global warming, and the connections
between these two.
About EUMETSAT The European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological
Satellites is an intergovernmental organisation based in Darmstadt, Germany,
currently with 20 European Member States (Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands,
Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United
Kingdom) and 10 Cooperating States (Bulgaria, Estonia, Hungary, Iceland, Latvia,
Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia and the Czech Republic).
EUMETSAT is operating the
geostationary satellites Meteosat-8 and -9 over Europe and Africa, and
Meteosat-6 and -7 over the Indian Ocean.
Full coverage of the 20th
Anniversary Seminar of the Montreal Protocol “Celebrating 20 Years of Progress”
. Also many other events.
Negotiations Bulletin is a balanced, timely and independent reporting service
that provides daily information in print and electronic formats from
multilateral negotiations on environment and development. It is published by the
International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), a non-profit
organization based in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.The Earth Negotiations Bulletin
began as the joint initiative of three individuals from the NGO community, who
were participating in the preparations for the United Nations Conference on
Environment and Development. Johannah Bernstein, an environmental lawyer and
Director of the Canadian Participatory Committee for UNCED (CPCU), Pamela Chasek,
a doctoral student at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies,
and Langston James Goree VI "Kimo", a former UNDP programme officer
and NGO activist from the Western Amazon, created the Earth Summit Bulletin in
Web Site of the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel of the Montreal
Protocol. The Montreal Protocol, administered by the United Nations Environment
Programme (UNEP), is the international agreement to preserve the Stratospheric
Ozone Layer that protects the earth from harmful radiation. This site provides
technical information related to the alternative technologies that have been
investigated and employed to make it possible to virtually eliminate use of the
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and halons that harm the ozone layer.
NSF Polar UV
Monitoring Network The National Science Foundation
(NSF) Ultraviolet (UV) Monitoring Network was established in 1987 by the NSF
Division of Polar Programs in response to serious ozone depletion reported in
Antarctica. Biospherical Instruments installed the first instruments in 1988 and
has operated the network since then. The network is providing data to
researchers studying the effects of ozone depletion on terrestrial and marine
biological systems. Network data is also used for the validation of satellite
observations and for the verification of models describing the transfer of
radiation through the atmosphere.
TEMIS aims to compute
and deliver global concentrations of tropospheric trace gases, and aerosol and
UV products derived from observations of nadir-viewing satellite instruments
such as GOME, SCIAMACHY and (A)ATSR. TEMIS is part of the Data User Programme
(DUP) of the European Space Agency (ESA).Within the TEMIS project, long-term
data sets will be generated for ozone, UV, aerosols and several of the trace
gases mentioned. Advanced retrieval techniques, chemistry transport modelling
and data assimilation techniques will be used to derive high-quality
tropospheric products based on the mesaurements of SCIAMACHY and GOME. These
data sets will be made freely available through a user-friendly interface.
The Belgian Assimilation System of Chemical Observations from ENVISAT (BASCOE )
is an operational service providing chemical analyses and forecasts for the
stratosphere from the assimilation of chemical observations made by dedicated
instruments onboard ENVISAT.
Upper Atmosphere Data Support Web Site at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center's
Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC). Here you will find data, information,
and resources about the Earth's upper atmosphere; the region from the
stratosphere and up. Please visit the Goddard
DAAC homepage for other Earth science data and information.
The ATMOS User Center (AUC)-The
ATMOS User Center (AUC) is a service of the German
Remote Sensing Data Center (DFD)
Aerospace Center (DLR) .
ESA, the European Space Agency, has appointed DFD as the German
Processing and Archiving Facility/Center for the European environmental
satellites ERS-1, ERS-2, and ENVISAT-1. This involves operating the ERS-2
Ozone Monitoring Experiment) data processor and developing processors for
SCIAMACHY (Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric
Cartography), MIPAS (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding),
and the ocean color sensor MERIS (Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer). In
addition, the data from GOMOS (Global Ozone Measurement by Occultation of
Stars), to be processed at the Finnish Meterological Institute (FMI), will be
distributed using DFD's infrastructure.
Ozone Hole Tour University of
Cambridge, UK follows the discovery of the ozone hole and the resulting science
and research on the phenomenon.
The European Ozone Research
The Experimental Studies Division (ARQX) of the
Meteorological Service of Canada (MSC) is part of Environment Canada and is
located in Toronto. ARQX comprises four main areas of research interest: Space
Studies, Ozone and UV Radiation Monitoring, Solar Radiation Studies and Field
Experiments which include the management of the Arctic Stratospheric Ozone
Observatory, Eureka, Nunavut in the high Arctic. ARQX also houses the WMO/GAW
World Ozone and UV Radiation Data Centre (WOUDC), and participates in the Middle
Atmosphere Initiative .
Environment Canada's Select Ozone Maps
The Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory (CMDL)
of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NOAA National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center
The Alfred Wegener Institute Germany's leading
institute for polar and marine research
This is a resource module for teachers and students
interested in the ozone layer.
National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research New
Zealand’s leading provider of atmospheric and aquatic science
The Antarctic Sun is the
official news web site for the United States Antarctic Program (USAP), which is
managed by the National Science Foundation (NSF) Office of Polar Programs.